Today, light commercial vehicles are the workhorse of small businesses. The success of an enterprise depends on the right policy to maintain its fleet. The special light commercial vehicle tyre is one of the major costs to keep the vehicle on the road. Our advice on choosing tyres for vans and light trucks should help you avoid making an expensive purchase without paying twice as much.
Van and crossover tyres are often no different in size from passenger cars and crossovers, but ordinary wheels cannot be used on commercial vehicles. There are several reasons for this:
Van and transporter tyres are specifically designed for commercial vehicles with high load capacities. These tyres are marked with the letter 'C' and have two distinct load indices. The first index is for commercial vehicles with two axles, while the second is for vehicles with only one axle.
Distinctive features of van and truck tyres include:
Strength and durability: These tyres are designed to withstand heavy loads and have stronger shoulders for greater strength. This allows them to easily handle heavy weights without compromising performance.
Thanks to their robust construction, van and truck tyres offer excellent load-carrying capacity. They can support the weight of the vehicle and load safely and efficiently. A tyre for a vehicle that is on the move all day long is subjected to tough conditions: overloading and unprofessional tyre service are also possible. Therefore, a good quality truck tyre always has a certain amount of stability and endurance compared with a passenger car tyre.
Performance: Buying tyres for a business vehicle is a different matter for the owner than choosing wheels for a fast passenger car. Although van and truck tyres may perform less well than passenger car tyres, they are still designed to offer a safe and stable ride. However, the speed and grip of these tyres may be lower than average. Commercial vehicles do not need perfect speed tyre properties, because responsiveness to steering or handling at speed is not so important for them.
Weariness: Far more important in this case is the tyre's service life - and not only the tread, but also the sidewalls and carcass, which also wear out. To increase tyre wear resistance, special polymers are added to the rubber compound of truck tyres, and the carcasses are reinforced to prolong tyre life. Special tread ripping is also used to improve cooling, which also has an impact on tyre wear. A specific index is used to determine the tread wear resistance of tyres - the treadwear index.
Robust construction: Van and transporter tyres have a more rigid and robust carcass to withstand the additional stresses of carrying heavy loads. This makes them more resistant to punctures and wear.
Noise reduction: Thanks to advances in tyre construction technologies, the noise generated by van and truck tyres on road surfaces has been significantly reduced over the years.
Season: Unlike heavy truck tyres, van tyres are quite often bought separately for each season. There are both summer and winter models, with 'winter' in some cases being designed like the best passenger car models. In order to maintain elasticity in cold weather, fine silica is added to the tread compound, and phenol-formaldehyde resin is added for better directional stability. A large proportion of light truck models are available as multi-season tyres, or with pronounced multi-seasonal tread elements.
Labelling: Each tyre model is recognisable by the information printed on its sidewall. In many cases, however, this information needs to be deciphered.
You should select a set of tyres for a commercial vehicle very attentively - comparing the characteristics of several models.
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